Tradition of the Gnostic Apostle: The Legacy of Christ in You
Many Gnostic texts referred to the God of the Old Testament as evil, as opposed to the benevolent Christ. Sometimes a multiplicity of gods was mentioned, including female ones, includ- ing “God the Mother. Historians have known about the existence of Gnostic Christians for centuries. However, the beliefs of that group were received sec- ondhand, largely through the writings of the Catholic Church fathers. Not until , with the discovery of Gnostic texts hidden in a jar and buried in the Nag Hammadi region of Upper Egypt, did we dis- cover what the Gnostic Christians themselves had to say; and in these texts we find some intriguing parallels to the modern NDE phenomenon. Several such parallels have already been found in other ancient texts. Paul and Linda Badham edited a collection of essays dealing with death and the afterlife among Jews, Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, and Africans. Carol Zaleski added similar comparisons with medieval Christian accounts in the form of the Dialogues of Gregory the Great, the Vision of Drythelm, and the Treatise on the Purgatory of St. The Gnostic texts resemble the books of the New Testament in many ways, and were undoubtedly regarded as authoritative scrip- ture by Gnostic Christians. Dating the texts is difficult, but most of the Nag Hammadi collection can be dated between the 2nd and 4th centuries A.
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The Greek fragments are P. Oxy 1 is dated shortly after CE for paleographical reasons, and the other two Greek fragments are estimated to have been written in the mid third century. The Coptic text was written shortly before the year CE. Substantial differences do exist between the Greek fragments and the Coptic text. These are best explained as variants resulting from the circulation of more than one Greek edition of Gos. The existence of three different copies of the Greek text of Gos.
Longhenry While The Da Vinci Code mania continues to develop and grow throughout the world and while “other gospels” and “alternative Christianities” have become popular, we now see revealed to us yet another “lost gospel,” the Gospel of Judas. The National Geographic Society has done a good job of marketing this discovery and are profiting heavily from it; the media splash guarantees that it will be the topic at many a water cooler in offices throughout America.
Since there is such a great commotion regarding this discovery, it is good to spend some time examining this Gospel of Judas. Origins and Discovery The Gospel of Judas that has been found is part of a codex, a term used to describe ancient “books” of folded paper, a codex entitled Codex Tchacos after the father of the antiquities dealer who transferred the document to scholars for preservation and safekeeping. The Gospel of Judas is not the only text on this codex: So far the Gospel of Judas has been the most popularized; we may learn more of the other documents at a later time.
The codex was discovered near El Minya, Egypt in the 70s, and eventually wound up in the United States where it remained until purchased by the previously mentioned antiquities dealer in The manuscript will eventually be delivered back to Egypt and placed in the Coptic Museum in Cairo. The codex itself dates to around the late third century or early fourth century CE.
While we can have no firm dates as to precisely when the Gospel of Judas was written, we do know that it must have originated before , for Irenaeus in his work Against Heresies writes regarding the book the following: They declare that Judas the traitor was thoroughly acquainted with these things, and that he alone, knowing the truth as no others did, accomplished the mystery of the betrayal; by him all things, both earthly and heavenly, were thus thrown into confusion.
They produce a fictional history of this kind, which they style the Gospel of Judas, Irenaeus, Adv.
Gospel of John
Proto-Gnosticism in Colossae and Hymenaeus and Philetus The philosophy of Gnosticism existed before Christianity, dating back to the last centuries before Christ, as a philosophy incorporating the Greek philosophy of Plato and others along with the Persian philosophy of Zoroaster. It did not take long after the Hellenistic world was exposed to Christianity for many groups of Gnostics to begin to incorporate Christ into their philosophy.
The first such example may have been in the church of Colossae, to which Paul writes the following in Colossians 2: Take heed lest there shall be any one that maketh spoil of you through his philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ: Many Gnostic groups, following after the dualism of flesh and spirit of Plato, accepted the idea of Christ but not that He came to Earth in the form of a man.
They believed that He came in the appearance of a man, what we would call today a hologram, but could not have possibly humiliated Himself to the point of becoming human.
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Some scholars continue to maintain traditional dating for the emergence of Gnostic philosophy and religious movements. Some scholars, such as Edward Conze and Elaine Pagels , have suggested that gnosticism blends teachings like those attributed to Jesus Christ with teachings found in Eastern traditions. The Nag Hammadi Library was discovered accidentally by two farmers in December and was named for the area in Egypt where it had been hidden for centuries. Some documents were duplicated in different finds, and others, such as with the Gospel of Mary Magdalene, only one copy is currently known to exist.
Although the manuscripts discovered at Nag Hammadi are generally dated to the 4th century, there is some debate regarding the original composition of the texts. A wide range and the majority of scholars date authorship of the Gnostic gospel of Nag Hammadi to the second and third century. The traditional dating of the gospels derives primarily from this division.
Other scholars with a deeper focus on pagan and Jewish literature of the period tend to date primarily based on the type of the work: The Gospel of Thomas is held by most to be the earliest of the Gnostic gospels composed. Scholars generally date the text to the early-mid second century.
Neoplatonism and Gnosticism
Rumors obscured the circumstances of this find—perhaps because the discovery was accidental, and its sale on the black market illegal. For years even the identity of the discoverer remained unknown. Originally natural, some of these caves were cut and painted and used as grave sites as early as the sixth dynasty, some 4, years ago. Digging around a massive boulder, they hit a red earthenware jar, almost a meter high. But realizing that it might also contain gold, he raised his mattock, smashed the jar, and discovered inside thirteen papyrus books, bound in leather.
Their mother had warned her sons to keep their mattocks sharp:
Dating: dates may be given in several forms, as examples below: AD – an item that bears a date upon it or that can otherwise be dated with precision; 6th century AD – an item that can be dated with considerable confidence to a specific period; Circa 6th century AD – an item that can be approximately dated by comparison with other pieces.
The supposition that the author was one and the same with the beloved disciple is often advanced as a means of insuring that the evangelist did witness Jesus’ ministry. Two other passages are advanced as evidence of the same – But both falter under close scrutiny. Neither of these passages, therefore, persuades many Johannine scholars that the author claims eyewitness status. There is a case to be made that John, the son of Zebedee, had already died long before the Gospel of John came to be written.
It is worth noting for its own sake, even though the “beloved disciple” need not be identified with John, the son of Zebedee. In his ninth century Chronicle in the codex Coislinianus, George Hartolos says, “[John] was worth of martyrdom. Papias in the second book says that John the divine and James his brother were killed by Jews.
Morton Enslin observes Christian Beginnings, pp. None the less, this Marcan passage itself affords solid ground. No reasonable interpretation of these words can deny the high probability that by the time these words were written [ca. If the author of the Gospel of John were an eyewitness, presumably the author would have known that Jesus and his compatriots were permitted to enter the synagogues.
But at one several points it is stated that those who acknowledged Jesus as the Christ during the life of Jesus were put out of the synagogue. This anachronism is inconceivable as the product of an eyewitness.
Judaic culture was and is patriarchal, and the major focus of religious teachings and spiritual insight is passed primarily from father to son. The word Jesus means redemption, which in reference to the previous sentence"Jesus is the son of God” could be read as"The redeemed is the student of God. The birth name of the man who became known as Jesus Christ is considered by many scholars and historians to actually have been Yeshua.
During the time that Yeshua was growing up and roaming about, Judea was under Roman rule as many of us likely already know.
Christian Dating & Kissing Posted on: March 20, Written by: It seems to me to be just as dangerously Gnostic and Dualistic to privilege the mind and soul to the deprivation of the body as it is to privilege the mind and soul to the satisfaction of the flesh.
Quote Originally posted by djs: Personally, I do find their work interesting in a variety of senses, but not in the sense of revelation or faith-experience. And I don’t see them as especially significant. Their work is very interesting. They raise many good, if not excellent questions. But one of the problems in current OT and NT biblical studies is that we don’t know how they were written.
We have what we have and then we have a large pile of theories Many in the Church of Academia DO think they are on to something. Unfortunately, their work has not converted many to the faith.
Plotinus Among the Gnostics: The Neoplatonic Trinity in the Late Third Century
In relation with the feeding of the Lk9: Because those are sayings"logias” only, I do not see here any relation with GMatthew, more so owing to"compiled” rather than"composed” , as shown in most copies of Eusebius’ work HC. Furthermore, the fact that"Matthew” was attributed a collection of sayings therefore emphasizing Jesus as a sage is supported by the gospel of Thomas: Matthew said to him,"You are like a wise philosopher.
Irenaeus, ‘Against Heresies’, V,
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Dictionary , Thesaurus , Legal , Wikipedia. The term designates a wide assortment of sects, numerous by the 2d cent. Scholars trace these salvation religions back to such diverse sources as Jewish mysticism, Hellenistic mystery cults, Iranian religious dualism see Zoroastrianism Zoroastrianism , religion founded by Zoroaster, but with many later accretions. Click the link for more information. The definition of gnosis [knowledge] as concern with the Eternal was already present in earlier Greek philosophy, although its connection with the later Gnostic movement is distant at best.
Christian ideas were quickly incorporated into these syncretistic systems, and by the 2d cent. He wrote Exegitica his personal gospel with 24 books of commentary and poems. He claimed to possess a secret tradition handed down from St. Much of early Christian doctrine was formulated in reaction to this movement. Hippolytus, Tertullian, and Clement of Alexandria.
1. Does the book have a “thus saith the Lord”?
We need to stop being slaves to our minds. A thick Spanish accent coated Perez’s remarks as they floated softly out his lips. Slouched on a wooden stool with one foot resting on the ground and the other suspended in the air, he made little arcs with hands his hands as he spoke. Perez, Gnostic evangelist, attempted to impress spiritual seekers about the singular nature of his faith in New York City. The most important thing right now is to transmit the teachings.
In his book Magic and Mysticism:
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When ones energy centers are blown open this way, there can be positive side effects, such as kundalini rising, blissful energy in various parts of the body. One may experience expanded psychic awareness, love and other emotions. The sex drive can go through the roof. There can also be unpleasant emotional lability and a triggering of all ones inner psychological wounds all at the same time. And when ones energy centers are exuding all this bliss kundalini energy it can also attract other beings in your life.
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Jesus recounts to His disciples her entrapment by the denizens of the hellish region of darkness or chaos, and recalls her rescue by means of His Light. As she was bathed and enveloped in a stream of Light from her merciful Lord, Sophia was purified and raised up out of Hell. The text was originally contained within Chapter 68 of the Pistis Sophia. This app does not include audio. Gnosticism was a religious movement which traces its roots back to the early Christian Church.
It was characterized by a belief in gnosis or esoteric knowledge, through which the spiritual element in man could be released from its bondage in physical matter, and that Jesus Christ was an emissary of God or Supreme Being who enabled the redemption of the human spirit.
The Gnostic Gospels are a collection of about fifty-two texts based upon the ancient wisdom teachings of several prophets and spiritual leaders including Jesus, written from the 2nd to the 4th century AD. These gospels are not part of the standard Biblical canon of any major Christian.
I have been taken by it and through it Christ is more alive for me than ever. What is written here will be elementary for some and new for others. The point is to see the beauty. It is a way of seeing truth across all faiths and disciplines. There are many gnostic traditions: Most aspire to union with the Divine and the reintegration of the Divine with the cosmos, which is the created order in need of healing. These are the living waters from which we drink John 7:
The Gnostic Gospels
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The Gnostic Gospels by Elaine Pagels. In December an Arab peasant made an astonishing archeological discovery in Upper Egypt. Rumors obscured the circumstances of this find–perhaps because the discovery was accidental, and its sale on the black market illegal.
April DeConick, in The Gnostic New Age, sees the influence of Egyptian mysteries on Greek-speaking Jewish pilgrims, who learned of a Transcendent God who could be contacted by rituals, who was higher than the angels and demons who demanded worship from mortals. This resonated with those who questioned the justice of the God as depicted in the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible. New Light on the Ancient Tradition of Inner Knowing, locates the receptive culture among the Samaritans, who claimed descent from the northern Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh the two sons of Joseph , as well as the tribe of Benjamin.
They viewed their religion as the original form of Judaism, preserved by those who were not taken into captivity by the Babylonians in B. If someone had asked the early Gnostic teachers about the origins of their philosophy, they would very likely have answered that it was revealed by divine messengers who came from the supernal aeons to bring liberating truth to humanity.
And among the revealers Simon was born in Gitta, Samaria—a circumstance that identifies him as a sort of heretic by birth, for the Samaratins were long known as followers of a heterodox form of Judaism, which rejected the Temple in Jerusalem Thomas was the founder of Christianity in India and was originally buried there, according to the Syrian Orthodox Church his remains were later removed to Edessa, now in Turkey, where the Gnostic leader Bardaisan had been the spiritual advisor to the king of the first Christian state in the second century.