Historical Places of China
Panmen Gate Accolades The gate to Suzhou is said to have more than a 2, year history. It is said to have been the only gate in China with both a lower water entrance and an upper land entrance. It was built at a time when a canal moat surrounded Suzhou. The present structure was built in It is part of a park. It was built on the spot of another tower that was built about the year at the end of the Yuan Empire period. About 2, years ago, a moat canal surrounded Suzhou and provided for convenient transportation.
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But what should you choose if you only can visit one of these majestic cities? It might seem difficult to separate the two at first — both run a parallel track in Chinese history: If you only have time for either, read on to find out which city is more suitable for you:
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However, it was only produced for use by the Imperial Court. Records show that by the early 14th century, millions of packages were being mass-produced in China annually. By the time Marco Polo arrived in China around , eyeglasses which he mentions in his accounts were widely used in Chinese upper class. The earliest evidence of silk dates back to around 4, , BC in Shanxi province, where a culture silk cocoon was found.
However, the earliest evidence of silk fabric dates back to around BC. It remained a secret for thousands of years, despite the fact that it became widely exported. The Romans—who were great admirers of silk—believed that the fabric was taken from trees. Another popular legend says that the secret was transmitted to India via a Chinese princess who hid some eggs in the lining of her head dress. Another legend has it that European monks—who were sent to China in the sixth century to discover the secret of silk—smuggled some silkworm eggs out.
A dead tea leaf somehow fell into his water and tea was accidentally discovered as a beverage. Its introduction to Europe around would have an enormous effect the first recorded use was by English against the French in Before they were recognized for what they were, locals thought they were dragon bones and were grinding them up as medicine to cure malaria. Along with other printed manuscripts, the book was discovered in in a walled-up cave in Dunhang north-west China and is on display at the British Library.
The earliest surviving woodblock printed are silk fragments that date back to the Han Dynasty.
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Less than an hour away from Shanghai by train, Suzhou is known as a top tourist destination in China—worth visiting for a couple of days if you can fit it into your travel itinerary. So take a gondola ride through the canals and chill out with some tea as you listen to water babbling down the rocks and into the gardens before merging into peaceful frog ponds.
But still, the city is still attractively photogenic with plenty of these tourist-friendly gardens dotted around Suzhou to enjoy—about 60 remaining compared to their heyday when there were some privately owned gardens. Occupying a strategic position on the Grand Canal, Suzhou quickly became a major trading center for silk and other goods. The longest canal in the world, the Grand Canal—like the Great Wall of China —was assembled over many years from smaller, existing pieces to facilitate commerce and war preparations.
Locals like to point out that while the Great Wall was designed to prevent communication, the Grand Canal was intended to promote it.
Shanghai: Shanghai, city and province-level shi (municipality), east-central China. It is one of the world’s largest seaports and a major industrial and commercial centre of China. The city is located on the coast of the East China Sea between the mouth of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) to the north and the.
Known in China as Chang Jiang “Long River” , the mighty Yangtze River extends more than 6, kilometers, making it the longest and most important river in China and the third longest in the world after the Amazon and the Nile. Flowing from Tibet in the west to Shanghai in the east through eight provinces, the Yangtze has, for more than 2, years, been China’s major transportation route some 2, kilometers are navigable.
Its vast catchment area with its tributaries cover about one-fifth of the total area of the country and encompass a quarter of the country’s agricultural land. While its immense length ensures the river can be visited at numerous points in China, by far the most popular for tourists is the beautiful Three Gorges – Qutang, Wu, and Xiling – a kilometer stretch between the towns of Fengjie and Yichang.
In places a mix of raging torrents and dangerous shallows, here the river winds its way through the gorges and their rugged cliffs and high mountain peaks in a stretch of scenery as dramatic as the Grand Canyon. Numerous sightseeing options are available, from luxurious riverboats focusing on the region’s many historical attractions and places of scenic beauty to challenging adventure tours along the most dramatic sections of the river. In the historic city of Suzhou in Jiangsu province, these magnificent gardens were established in the 11th century at a time when the city was experiencing unprecedented growth and were among some or more gardens planted here.
Of the surviving restored gardens, the most famous is the delightful Garden of Lingering, a seven-acre site laid out in on the site of a park originally created during the Ming Dynasty. One of the most famous garden complexes in China, the garden boasts a pool, several attractive buildings, a man-made hill, a grove of peach trees, and a lovely covered pathway on the walls of which hang more than three hundred stone tablets engraved with old Chinese characters.
Also worth visiting is the Garden of the Cang Lang Ting Pavilion, a two-acre garden offering many unique features including a double arcade connecting the inner and outer sections. Another of China’s most recognizable historic structures is the magnificent Potala Palace in the town of Lhasa, Tibet.
History[ edit ] Lion Grove Garden “Of all the famous rock-gardens in history, only one has survived. This is the so-called ‘Lion Garden’ in Suzhou. After Wen Tianru’s death, the garden fell into disrepair, but in another Buddhist monk, Mingxing, rebuilt the garden.
Dating back to , this famed garden — dubbed a UNESCO World Heritage Site and counted among China’s famous classical gardens — is the largest in Suzhou and is considered one of the greatest examples of quintessential Chinese landscape design.
Meals and snacks will be provided on the plane. Day 2 Arriving Beijing When you arrive in Beijing, a Nexus Holiday local representative will meet and greet you at the airport. It is a true architectural masterpiece and home to the National Palace Museum. As a specialty of Beijing, “zhajiangmian” noodle with fried bean sauce is cooked by mixing noodles with vegetables and fried bean sauce.
Chop up and cook cucumbers, bean sprouts. Then prepare the fried bean sauce by first oil-frying diced meat with shallot and ginger, adding soybean sauce or sweet fermented flour sauce, and then further frying them.
Without these tools, businesses would be slow, drab, and unfulfilling. And in a very fast moving city like Shanghai with millions of well educated, industrious and highly demanding people, relying on technology to service their needs cannot be downplayed. Send flowers to Shanghai through ChinaflowersShop. With a breathtaking skyline filled with some of the most beautiful and tallest skyscrapers in the world, the beautiful estuary of Yangtze River, and the old Shikumen area, Shanghai is such a beauty to behold, a place where dreams are made.
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History[ edit ] Chinese embroidery has a long history since the Neolithic age. Because of the quality of silk fibre, most Chinese fine embroideries are made in silk. Some ancient vestiges of silk production have been found in various Neolithic sites dating back 5, —6, years in China. Currently the earliest real sample of silk embroidery discovered in China is from a tomb in Mashan in Hubei province identified with the Zhanguo period 5th—3rd centuries BC.
After the opening of Silk Route in the Han dynasty , the silk production and trade flourished. In the 14th century, the Chinese silk embroidery production reached its high peak.
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Jeanne d’Arc of China: This snippet is for sons and daughters of China! Teenager girl Xun Guan breaking out of the Wancheng city to borrow the relief troops in the late Western Jinn dynasty; Liu-Shao-shi riding into the barbarian army to rescue her husband in the late Western Jinn dynasty; teenager girl Shen Yunying breaking into Zhang Xianzhong’s rebels on the horseback to avenge on father’s death in the late Ming dynasty.
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What You Should Never Miss in Shanghai and Surrounding area Jiangnan Water Town Jiangnan has long been regarded as one of the most prosperous regions in China due to its wealth in natural resources and very high human development. The best location for observe the prosperity of this magical metropolis The Huangpu River is the city’s shipping artery. It has also become a demarcating line between two Shanghais, east and west, past and future. On its western shore, the colonial landmarks of the Bund serve as a reminder of Shanghai’s 19th-century struggle to reclaim a waterfront from the bogs of this river; on the eastern shore, the steel-and-glass skyscrapers of the Pudong New Area point to a burgeoning financial empire of the future.
It is derived from the native cooking styles of the region surrounding the lower reaches of the Huai and Yangtze rivers, and centred upon the cities of Huai’an, Yangzhou and Zhenjiang in Jiangsu Province. Leave the rest to us! As one of the biggest supplier in China, we partner with agencies worldwide.
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The Chinese garden is a landscape garden style which has evolved over three thousand years. It includes both the vast gardens of the Chinese emperors and members of the imperial family, built for pleasure and to impress, and the more intimate gardens created by scholars, poets, former government officials, soldiers and merchants, made for reflection and escape from the outside world.
Thus, the Great Wall became the world’s largest military structure. Its historic and planned importance is matched only by its architectural implication. It was the palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the last two feudal periods of the Chinese history. Completed in , the layout, size, color and the overall decorations including furniture reflect the order of the rule and demonstrate the supremacy of the imperial power and the strict hierarchic system.
The Temple of Heaven- Situated in the southern part of Beijing is China’s largest complex of ancient sacrificial buildings. Founded in the first half of the 15th century , The Temple of Heaven is a dignified complex of fine cult buildings set in gardens and enclosed by historic pine woods. Its overall layout symbolizes the relationship between earth and heaven which stands at the heart of Chinese cosmogony.
Yungang Grottoes- Situated in the southern foot of Wuzhou Mountain. It constitutes caves and 51, statues towards the west of Datong city in Shanxi Province. They represent the marvelous achievement of Buddhist cave art in China in the 5th and 6th centuries.
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Amazing history and beautiful gardens and house Lots of history here. Shi Zhengzhi was inspired by the simple and solitary life of a Chinese fisherman depicted in philosophical writings. After his death the garden passed through numerous ownership and subsequently fell into disarray until around when it was restored by Song Zongyuan, a retired government official of the Qing Dynasty He drastically redesigned the garden and added multiple buildings, but retained the spirit of the site.
He often referred to himself as a fisherman and renamed it the Master of the Nets Garden, as an allusion to the simple life of a fisherman. Ownership passed to Qu Yuancun, a scholar well-versed in the classics and literature, in He added and remodelled buildings, planted trees, and arranged stones.
The classical gardens of Suzhou feature some of the most tranquil and pristine landscapes in China. More than 50 gardens dating as far back as the 6th century BC cast a harmonious network of manicured paths, bridges, ponds, and pavilions over much of the historic city of Suzhou.
The Mausoleum of Light: The Northern Imperial Tomb In China’s mountainous northeastern region is the old city of Shenyang, an important center for trade and culture and home to the Mausoleum of Light Zhaoling , also known as the Northern Imperial Tomb. Buried here in a vast site covering more than , square meters that took eight years to complete is Emperor Huang Taiji, who reigned from The site is notable for its “Path of Souls,” a laneway lined with stone columns and sculptures of the emperor’s favorite horses.
Another important site is the imposing Imperial Palace dating from the early Qing era, the second largest completely preserved palace complex in China after the Imperial Palace in Beijing. The complex served as a residence for the first Qing Emperors and includes several splendid courtyards around which are grouped numerous buildings, including the Hall of Exalted Government Chongzheng Dian housing the imperial throne. And it certainly makes sense as you stand at its feet as the colossal statue towers high above you.
Started in AD by a Buddhist monk and completed 90 years later, this important religious icon is carved entirely from a stone cliff-face and is the largest Buddha sculpture in the world. Representing the Buddha Maitreya, the statue is even more dramatic given its location overlooking the river that it was designed to appease it had often proven treacherous for shipping. Easily accessible from the city of Chengdu , the Leshan Giant Buddha can be reached by a fun ferry trip from the public docks in Leshan.
The scenic park in which the Buddha is set is also worth exploring, so be sure to allocate sufficient time in your itinerary. The Hong Kong Skyline Hong Kong Skyline Widely considered one of the world’s most dramatic city skylines – as much a result of its having one of the highest concentrations of skyscrapers as it is the presence of the tall hills that frame them – Hong Kong has for decades been the bustling capital of finance and commerce in this part of the Pacific.
And it’s a cityscape that can be enjoyed from a number of different vantages. One of the best views is from Victoria Peak on Hong Kong Island, where the skyscrapers frame the city’s huge harbor, a special treat after nightfall.
Lion Grove Garden
The traditional Chinese garden consists of four ancient wooden structure architectures with courtyards built in the Qing Dynasty, dating back over a hundred year of history, and other four buildings built in the 90s of concrete structure. The renovation project aims to transform the historical house into a modern apartment. For the renovation of the four old houses, all the original wooden structure is preserved with simple reinforcement and restoration.
Since the lack of maintenance, the building status no longer suits modern lifestyles, the main focus is to resolve functions that can meet the needs of modern daily life, such as air conditioning, heating system, shower room etc.
Suzhou is famous for being the silk capital of China – the city was the center of silk production for imperial families throughout the Ming and Qing dynasties. Suzhou Silk Museum provides an opportunity to learn about how silk has been produced and used throughout the centuries, dating as far back.
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