Featured in Judaism 101
Based on moon cycles instead of sun cycles “Leap months” are added to sync up with sun cycles Used to be calculated by observation Calculated mathematically since 4th century Years are numbered from Creation A few years ago, I was in a synagogue , and I overheard one man ask another, “When is Chanukkah this year? Holidays are celebrated on the same day of the Jewish calendar every year, but the Jewish year is not the same length as a solar year on the civil calendar used by most of the western world, so the date shifts on the civil calendar. Background and History The Jewish calendar is based on three astronomical phenomena: These three phenomena are independent of each other, so there is no direct correlation between them. The civil calendar used by most of the world has abandoned any correlation between the moon cycles and the month, arbitrarily setting the length of months to 28, 30 or 31 days. The Jewish calendar, however, coordinates all three of these astronomical phenomena. Years are either 12 or 13 months, corresponding to the The lunar month on the Jewish calendar begins when the first sliver of moon becomes visible after the dark of the moon. In ancient times, the new months used to be determined by observation. When people observed the new moon, they would notify the Sanhedrin.
How the Jews Changed the World and We Don’t Even Know It
Considering what we have all been learning about Dominionism since the selection of Fundamentalist Sarah Palin as VP candidate, SOTT thought it would be appropriate to re-run this article about the historical background of Israel and Judaism, the creators of the Bible on which the three monotheistic religions that are destroying the planet are based. The reader needs to keep in mind that religious fanatics who believe in what is, essentially, a collection of fairy tales, are attempting to take over the world based on what they perceive to be their instructions from a mythical god of war, death and destruction.
A few years ago, when The Secret History of the World was published, I rashly promised that volume 2 would soon be completed and ready for publication. After all, I pretty much knew what I wanted to zoom in on – the topic of Moses and the creation of Judaism – and I already had a good hypothesis and had tons of supplementary support material. I even had a title:
The “traditional” view is that Eastern European Jews descend almost entirely from French and German Jews. This essay presents the pros and cons of the controversial “Khazar theory” of Eastern European Jewish origins and will attempt to provide a likely middle-ground solution to the question.
Are Russian Jews Descended from the Khazars? Unauthorized reproduction of this page is prohibited. This essay presents the pros and cons of the controversial “Khazar theory” of Eastern European Jewish origins and will attempt to provide a likely middle-ground solution to the question. Unlike other treatments of the question, this essay uses recent discoveries, is meant to be objective, and is fully sourced so that you can be guaranteed of the authenticity of the information.
Although subsequent genetic evidence found no trace of Khazarian-related ancestry in any modern Jewish population, I’m keeping this essay online for the time being so you can analyze different writers’ arguments for and against this proposition. Many of these writers made naive simplifications. The argument I committed to paper in or for publication in that Eastern European Jewish ancestry “is more complex than previously envisioned” has stood the test of time better than those other writers’ arguments since we now have genetic evidence of Armenian, Greek, Italian, French, Berber, Slavic, and Chinese introgressions into the Eastern European Jewish gene pool whose core element is Israelite.
It just happens that a Khazarian element is missing. Evidence in favor of the Khazar theory According to most historical sources, Judaism was widespread among the Khazar inhabitants of the Khazar kingdom. Archaeological evidence, however, has not yet corroborated this.
Hinduism and Judaism
Author of A Social and Religious History of the Jews It is history that provides the clue to an understanding of Judaism, for its primal affirmations appear in early historical narratives. Many contemporary scholars agree that although the biblical Old Testament tales report contemporary events and activities, they do so for essentially theological reasons. Such a distinction, however, would have been unacceptable to the authors, for their understanding of events was not superadded to but was contemporaneous with their experience or report of them.
Case Against Judaism. Jews and ideas. Jews and media. Jews and wars. Jews and fanatic. Jews and college subjects. Jews in history. Jews and wars.
At this time, aproximately , Jews are living in 43 settlements in Eretz-Israel. The adult Jews of the city are arrested and most are executed after refusing to convert. Thirty-one or 32 of the Jews are killed. The Jewish children are forcibly baptized. Jews are sometimes required to wear a badge; sometimes a pointed hat. Most Jews went to Germany and further east. This form of distinctive dress was an additon to badge Jews were forced to wear.
He also forced Jews over the age of seven to wear an indentifying badge. An additional Jews are burned alive at the synagogue. They were only allowed to take what they could carry and most went to France, paying for thier passage only to be robbed and cast overboard by the ship captains. Some , Jews are forced to leave. An estimated five thousand Jews were killed before the king, Philip the Tall, admitted the Jews were innocent.
Despite the pleas of innocence of Pope Clement VI, the accusations resulted in the destruction of over 60 large and small Jewish communities.
Teaching Real Jewish Studies:
You don’t have to be Jewish to find favor in G-d’s eyes G-d gave only seven basic commandments to gentiles Yiddish words for gentiles are goy, shiksa and shkutz Judaism does not approve of interfaith marriage, but it is very common Jews do not proselytize, but it is possible to convert to Judaism Judaism maintains that the righteous of all nations have a place in the world to come.
This has been the majority rule since the days of the Talmud. Judaism generally recognizes that Christians and Moslems worship the same G-d that we do and those who follow the tenets of their religions can be considered righteous in the eyes of G-d.
Judaism, monotheistic religion developed among the ancient m is characterized by a belief in one transcendent God who revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets and by a religious life in accordance with Scriptures and rabbinic traditions. Judaism is the complex phenomenon of a total way of life for the Jewish people, comprising theology, law, and innumerable.
Siddur and Jewish liturgy Piyyut Classical Jewish poetry Many traditional Jewish texts are available online in various Torah databases electronic versions of the Traditional Jewish Bookshelf. Many of these have advanced search options available. Jewish legal literature Main article: According to rabbinic tradition, there are commandments in the Torah. Some of these laws are directed only to men or to women, some only to the ancient priestly groups, the Kohanim and Leviyim members of the tribe of Levi , some only to farmers within the Land of Israel.
Many laws were only applicable when the Temple in Jerusalem existed, and only of these commandments are still applicable today. These oral traditions were transmitted by the Pharisee school of thought of ancient Judaism and were later recorded in written form and expanded upon by the rabbis. The Oral law is the oral tradition as relayed by God to Moses and from him, transmitted and taught to the sages rabbinic leaders of each subsequent generation.
For centuries, the Torah appeared only as a written text transmitted in parallel with the oral tradition. Fearing that the oral teachings might be forgotten, Rabbi Judah haNasi undertook the mission of consolidating the various opinions into one body of law which became known as the Mishnah.
History: Timeline for the History of Judaism
Moses is referred to as “exceedingly humble, more than any man in the world” Book of Numbers The Talmud states that humility is one of the characteristic traits of the Jewish people Talmud , Tractate Yevamot 79a. Description[ edit ] Tzniut includes a group of laws concerned with modesty of both dress and behavior. In the legal dimension of Orthodox Judaism , the issue of tzniut is discussed in more technical terms: Notwithstanding these details, the concept of humility and modesty as a positive character trait, a practice, and a way of life—a “way of walking”—is also taught to be important in Rabbinic literature.
Judaism – one stop for everything Jewish, Jewish Holidays, Israel News, Holocaust Studies, Jewish Spirituality, Weekly Torah Portion, Western Wall Camera, Aish.
It was that religion which had prompted the exiles to return to the land promised by Yahweh to their ancestors, and they were now determined to maintain it in its purity. From the Captivity they had learned that in His justice, God had punished their sins by delivering them into the power of pagan nations, as the Prophets of old had repeatedly announced; and that in His love for the people of His choice, the same God had brought them back, as Isaias had particularly foretold.
Thence they naturally drew the conclusion that, cost what it may, they must prove faithful to Yahweh, so as to avert a like punishment in the future. The same conclusion was also brought home to them, when some time after the completion of the Temple, Esdras solemnly read the Law in their hearing. This reading placed distinctly before their minds the unique position of their race among the nations of the world.
The Creator of heaven and earth, in His mercy towards fallen man Genesis , had made a covenant with their father Abraham, in virtue of which his seed, and in his seed all the peoples of the earth, should be blessed Genesis 12, 18; II Esdras 9. From that time forth, He had watched over them with jealous care. The other nations, once fallen into idolatry, He had allowed to grovel amid their impure rites ; but He had dealt differently with the Israelites whom he wished to be unto Him “a priestly kingdom and a holy nation” Exodus
Siddur and Jewish liturgy Piyyut Classical Jewish poetry Many traditional Jewish texts are available online in various Torah databases electronic versions of the Traditional Jewish Bookshelf. Many of these have advanced search options available. Jewish legal literature Main article: According to rabbinic tradition, there are commandments in the Torah.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew יהודה , Yehudah, “Judah”; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish is an ancient, monotheistic, Abrahamic religion with the Torah as its foundational text. It encompasses the religion, philosophy, and culture of the Jewish people. Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenant that God established with.
The ‘whole meaning of life,’ Dov, a year-old activist and Lehava coordinator for the central Israeil town of Modiin area explains, is to serve God and let the Bible guide your reason. And if you marry a non-Jew, it just means ‘I don’t give a rat’s ass about what God says -I want to be like everyone else who don’t have a God. It went so far as to set up a ‘hotline’ enabling others to inform on those who have relations with non-Jews, termed ‘goys’.
It also advertises upcoming protests together with ‘La Familia’, a notoriously racist football hooligan group who support ‘Beitar Jerusalem’ – the only football club in Israel’s premier league which has never signed an Arab player. La Familia activists have in the past ripped and burned copies of the Quran at football matches, held up anti-Arab placards in the bleachers, and shouted insulting anti-Muslim and racist slogans.
Lehava has made its abhorrence for inter-racial relationships well known, even offering a service where people can call in to ‘report’ relationships of Jews with non-Jews The group have now begun advertising for people to join the ‘Jewish Honour Guard’. Dov, a co-ordinator for the Lehava in his Israeli town, out in Jerusalem with activists on a Thursday evening Leader: Benzi Gopstein pictured – the head of the organisation – said if there was an Arab waiter at his own daughter’s wedding, the waiter ‘would likely be looking for the closest hospital’ ‘Future’: The group wrote a letter to Bar Rafaeli when she was dating DiCaprio saying she would ‘harm the future generations’ if she went on to marry the famous actor But it does not stop there.
Critics of Lehava argue that the group seeks to sow hatred between Jews and Arabs and are regularly fanning the flames of violence in the already troubled and bloodied region. Benzi Gopstein, the head of Lehava wrote to Mr Zuckerberg, urging him to ‘separate from the non-Jewish woman and find a good Jewish one, and to make up for your mistake, go on a major campaign on Facebook against assimilation.
Don’t marry Leonardo DiCaprio, don’t harm the future generations Baruch Marzel, the head of Jewish National Front ‘I’m here, on behalf of the Jewish people, to spoil the party,’ Mr Gopstein wrote to Zuckerberg, Al Arabiya reported, adding that ‘Assimilation is bringing the extermination of the Jews to the seventh million!
See Article History Judaism, monotheistic religion developed among the ancient Hebrews. Judaism is characterized by a belief in one transcendent God who revealed himself to Abraham , Moses , and the Hebrew prophets and by a religious life in accordance with Scriptures and rabbinic traditions. Judaism is the complex phenomenon of a total way of life for the Jewish people, comprising theology , law, and innumerable cultural traditions.
In the second section the beliefs, practices, and culture of Judaism are discussed. The history of Judaism It is history that provides the key to an understanding of Judaism, for its primal affirmations appear in early historical narratives. Thus, the Bible reports contemporary events and activities for essentially religious reasons.
Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
Today’s Featured Ask the Rabbi Question Feminism I grew up in the era of feminism, and while I am thrilled at the vistas of opportunity it opened up for me and so many others, I have grown somewhat disenchanted after having seen so much negative fall-out: What does traditional Judaism say about this trade-off? The Aish Rabbi Replies: Tziporah Heller, a popular Torah teacher in Jerusalem, writes: The feminist movement stemmed from women feeling disempowered. Men clearly controlled and still control the reins of power in the political, financial and judicial spheres, which determine most of the obvious facets of personal and societal existence.
Thus, a primary goal of the women’s movement has been to demand a share in this power through equal pay and equal employment opportunities.
Theological similarities[ edit ] Scholarly efforts to compare Hinduism and Judaism were popular during the Enlightenment era , in the process of arguing the deistic worldview. Adherents of both religions, however, are found across the world. They cite the similarities between Brahmins and Jews who viewed themselves as “God’s chosen people. In one chapter he writes: Exactly the same name as given him by the Hindus!
Learn about the Jewish calendar, its background and history, the numbering of Jewish years, the months of the Jewish year and the days of the Jewish week.
The sacred texts of revealed religions may be eternal and unchanging, but they are understood and applied by human beings living in time. Christians believed not only that the Jews had misunderstood Scripture, thus justifying the Christian reinterpretation of Jewish Scripture, but… The history of Judaism It is history that provides the key to an understanding of Judaism, for its primal affirmations appear in early historical narratives. Thus, the Bible reports contemporary events and activities for essentially religious reasons.
The biblical authors believed that the divine presence is encountered primarily within history. Although other ancient communities also perceived a divine presence in history, the understanding of the ancient Israelites proved to be the most lasting and influential. The people of Israel believed that their response to the divine presence in history was central not only for themselves but for all humankind.
Furthermore, God—as person—had revealed in a particular encounter the pattern and structure of communal and individual life to this people. Claiming sovereignty over the people because of his continuing action in history on their behalf, he had established a covenant berit with them and required from them obedience to his teaching, or law Torah. This obedience was a further means by which the divine presence was made manifest—expressed in concrete human existence.
Worldview. Hindu cosmology; Puranic chronology; Hindu mythology; God / Highest Reality. Brahman; Ishvara; God in Hinduism; God and gender; Life. Ashrama (stage.